SETREUID(2)               (2017-09-15)                SETREUID(2)

          setreuid, setregid - set real and/or effective user or group

          #include <sys/types.h>
          #include <unistd.h>

          int setreuid(uid_t ruid, uid_t euid);
          int setregid(gid_t rgid, gid_t egid);

     Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see

          setreuid(), setregid():
              _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
                  || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
                  || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE

          setreuid() sets real and effective user IDs of  the  calling

          Supplying a value of -1 for either  the  real  or  effective
          user ID forces the system to leave that ID unchanged.

          Unprivileged processes may only set the effective user ID to
          the  real  user ID, the effective user ID, or the saved set-

          Unprivileged users may only set the real user ID to the real
          user ID or the effective user ID.

          If the real user ID is set (i.e., ruid is  not  -1)  or  the
          effective  user ID is set to a value not equal to the previ-
          ous real user ID, the saved set-user-ID will be set  to  the
          new effective user ID.

          Completely analogously, setregid() sets real  and  effective
          group  ID's  of  the  calling  process, and all of the above
          holds with "group" instead of "user".

          On success, zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and
          errno is set appropriately.

          Note: there are cases where setreuid() can  fail  even  when
          the  caller  is  UID 0; it is a grave security error to omit
          checking for a failure return from setreuid().

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               The call would change the caller's real UID (i.e., ruid
               does  not match the caller's real UID), but there was a
               temporary failure allocating the necessary kernel  data

               ruid does not match the caller's real UID and this call
               would  bring  the  number of processes belonging to the
               real  user  ID  ruid  over  the  caller's  RLIMIT_NPROC
               resource  limit.   Since  Linux 3.1, this error case no
               longer occurs (but robust applications should check for
               this   error);   see   the  description  of  EAGAIN  in

               One or more of the target user  or  group  IDs  is  not
               valid in this user namespace.

               The calling process is not privileged (on  Linux,  does
               not  have  the  necessary capability in its user names-
               pace:  CAP_SETUID  in  the  case  of   setreuid(),   or
               CAP_SETGID  in  the  case  of  setregid()) and a change
               other than (i) swapping the effective user  (group)  ID
               with  the  real user (group) ID, or (ii) setting one to
               the value of the other or (iii) setting  the  effective
               user  (group)  ID to the value of the saved set-user-ID
               (saved set-group-ID) was specified.

          POSIX.1-2001,   POSIX.1-2008,   4.3BSD    (setreuid()    and
          setregid() first appeared in 4.2BSD).

          Setting the effective user (group)  ID  to  the  saved  set-
          user-ID  (saved set-group-ID) is possible since Linux 1.1.37

          POSIX.1 does not specify all of the UID changes  that  Linux
          permits  for  an  unprivileged process.  For setreuid(), the
          effective user ID can be made the same as the real  user  ID
          or  the  saved  set-user-ID,  and  it is unspecified whether
          unprivileged processes may set the real user ID to the  real
          user  ID,  the  effective user ID, or the saved set-user-ID.
          For setregid(), the real group ID  can  be  changed  to  the
          value  of the saved set-group-ID, and the effective group ID
          can be changed to the value of the  real  group  ID  or  the
          saved  set-group-ID.  The precise details of what ID changes
          are permitted vary across implementations.

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          POSIX.1 makes no specification about  the  effect  of  these
          calls on the saved set-user-ID and saved set-group-ID.

          The original Linux setreuid() and  setregid()  system  calls
          supported  only  16-bit  user  and group IDs.  Subsequently,
          Linux 2.4 added setreuid32()  and  setregid32(),  supporting
          32-bit  IDs.   The  glibc  setreuid() and setregid() wrapper
          functions transparently deal with the variations across ker-
          nel versions.

        C library/kernel differences
          At the kernel level, user IDs and group IDs are a per-thread
          attribute.   However,  POSIX  requires that all threads in a
          process share the  same  credentials.   The  NPTL  threading
          implementation  handles  the POSIX requirements by providing
          wrapper functions for the various system calls  that  change
          process  UIDs  and GIDs.  These wrapper functions (including
          those for setreuid() and setregid()) employ  a  signal-based
          technique  to  ensure  that  when one thread changes creden-
          tials, all of the other threads in the process  also  change
          their credentials.  For details, see nptl(7).

          getgid(2), getuid(2), seteuid(2),  setgid(2),  setresuid(2),
          setuid(2),          capabilities(7),         credentials(7),

          This page is part of release 5.10  of  the  Linux  man-pages
          project.   A  description  of the project, information about
          reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can  be
          found at

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