sane-apple(5)             (11 Jul 2008)             sane-apple(5)

          sane-apple - SANE backend for Apple flatbed scanners

          The sane-apple library implements a SANE (Scanner Access Now
          Easy) backend that provides access to Apple flatbed scan-
          ners. At present, the following scanners are supported from
          this backend:

          --------------- ----- ------------------ ------
          AppleScanner    4bit  16 Shades of Gray
          OneScanner      8bit  256 Shades of Gray
          ColorOneScanner 24bit RGB color          3-pass

          If you own a Apple scanner other than the ones listed above
          that works with this backend, please let us know by sending
          the scanner's model name, SCSI id, and firmware revision to
 for details
          on how to subscribe to sane-devel.

          This backend expects device names of the form:


          Where special is either the path-name for the special device
          that corresponds to a SCSI scanner. For SCSI scanners, the
          special device name must be a generic SCSI device or a sym-
          link to such a device.  Under Linux, such a device name
          could be /dev/sga or /dev/sge, for example.  See
          sane-scsi(5) for details.

          The apple.conf file is a list of options and device names
          that correspond to Apple scanners.  Empty lines and lines
          starting with a hash mark (#) are ignored.  See sane-scsi(5)
          on details of what constitutes a valid device name.

          Options come in two flavors: global and positional ones.
          Global options apply to all devices managed by the backend,
          whereas positional options apply just to the most recently
          mentioned device.  Note that this means that the order in
          which the options appear matters!


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          SCSI scanners are typically delivered with an ISA SCSI
          adapter.  Unfortunately, that adapter is not worth much
          since it is not interrupt driven.  It is sometimes possible
          to get the supplied card to work, but without an interrupt
          line, scanning will put so much load on the system that it
          becomes almost unusable for other tasks.

               The backend configuration file (see also description of
               SANE_CONFIG_DIR below).

               The static library implementing this backend.

               The shared library implementing this backend (present
               on systems that support dynamic loading).

               This environment variable is list of directories where
               SANE looks for the configuration file.  Under UNIX
               directory names are separated by a colon (`:'), under
               OS/2 by a semi-colon (`;').  If SANE_CONFIG_DIR is not
               set, SANE defaults to searching the current working
               directory (".") and then /etc/sane.d. If the value of
               $SANE_CONFIG_DIR ends with the separator character, the
               default directories are searched after the directory
               list.  For example, setting SANE_CONFIG_DIR to
               "/tmp/config:" would result in directories tmp/config,
               ., and /etc/sane.d being searched (in that order).

               Controls the debug level.  A value of 255 prints all
               debug output.  Smaller values reduce verbosity.
               Requires a library compiled with debug support.

          The apple backend is now in version 0.3 (Tue Jul 21 1998).
          Since I only have the AppleScanner and not the other models
          (OneScanner, ColorOneScanner) I can only develop/test for
          the AppleScanner effectively.  However with this release I
          almost completed the GUI part of all scanners.  Most of the
          functionality is there. At least OneScanner should scan at
          the AppleScanner's compatible modes (LineArt, HalfTone,
          Gray16). My personal belief is that with a slight touch of
          debugging the OneScanner could be actually usable. The Col-
          orOneScanner needs more work. AppleScanner is of course
          almost fully supported.

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          Currently all three models lack upload/download support.

               Cannot up/download a halftone pattern.

               Cannot up/download halftone patterns or calibration

               Cannot up/download halftone patterns, calibration vec-
               tors, custom Color Correction Tables (CCT) and of
               course custom gamma tables.

          Park/UnPark (OneScanner, ColorOneScanner)
               Some capabilities are missing.

          The above functionalities are missing because I don't have
          the hardware to experiment on.  Another reason is my lack of
          understanding as to how or if the SANE API provide means to
          describe any array type besides gamma.

          The following "features" will never be supported, at least
          while I maintain the sane-apple backend.

          NoHome (AppleScanner)
               The scanner lamp stays on and the carriage assembly
               remains where it stops at the end of the scan. After
               two minutes, if the scanner does not receive another
               SCAN command, the lamp goes off and the carriage
               returns to the home position.

          Compression (AppleScanner)
               The Scanner can compress data with CCITT Group III one
               dimensional algorithm (fax) and the Skip White Line

          Multiple Windows (AppleScanner)
               AppleScanner may support multiple windows. It would be
               a cool feature and a challenge for me to code if it
               could intermix different options for different windows
               (scan areas). This way it could scan a document in Lin-
               eArt mode but the figures in it in Gray and at a dif-
               ferent resolution.  Unfortunately this is impossible.

          Scan Direction (OneScanner)
               It controls the scan direction. (?)

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          Status/Reset Button (OneScanner)
               This option controls the status of the button on the
               OneScanner model. You can also reset the button status
               by software.

          SANE backend bugs are divided in two classes. We have GUI
          bugs and scanner specific bugs.

          We know we have a GUI bug when a parameter is not showing up
          when it should (active) or vice versa. Finding out which
          parameters are active across various Apple modes and models
          from the documentation

          is an interesting exercise. I may have missed some dependen-
          cies. For example of the threshold parameter the Apple Scan-
          ners Programming Guide says nothing. I had to assume it is
          valid only in LineArt mode.

          Scanner specific bugs are mostly due to mandatory round-offs
          in order to scan. In the documentation in one place states
          that the width of the scan area should be a byte multiple.
          In another place it says that the width of the scan area
          should be an even byte multiple. Go figure...

          Other sources of bugs are due to scsi communication, scsi
          connects and disconnects. However the classical bugs are
          still there. So you may encounter buffer overruns, null
          pointers, memory corruption and SANE API violations.

          SIGSEGV on SliceBars
               When you try to modify the scan area from the slice bar
               you have a nice little cute core dump. I don't know
               why. If you select the scan area from the preview win-
               dow or by hand typing the numbers everything is fine.
               The SIGSEGV happens deep in gtk library (gdk). I really
               cannot debug it.

          Options too much
               It is possible, especially for the ColorOneScanner, for
               the backend's options panel to extend beyond your
               screen. It happens with mine and I am running my X
               Server at 1024x768. What can I say? Try smaller fonts
               in the X server, or virtual screens.

          Weird SCSI behaviour
               I am quoting David Myers Here...

               >> OS: FreeBSD 2.2.6
               >> CC: egcs-1.02
               Just wanted to follow up on this...  I recently changed

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               my SCSI card from the Adaptec 2940UW to a dual-channel
               Symbios 786 chipset.  When I started up SANE with your
               driver, I managed to scan line art drawings okay, but
               Gray16 scans led to a stream of SCSI error messages on
               the console, ultimately hanging with a message saying
               the scanner wasn't releasing the SCSI bus.  This may be
               that the Symbios is simply less tolerant of ancient
               hardware, or may be bugs in your driver or in SANE

          If you encounter a GUI bug please set the environmental
          variable SANE_DEBUG_APPLE to 255 and rerun the exact
          sequence of keystrokes and menu selections to reproduce it.
          Then send me a report with the log attached.

          If you have an Apple Macintosh with the AppleScanners driver
          installed, reporting to me which options are grayed out
          (inactive) in what modes would be very helpful.

          If you want to offer some help but you don't have a scanner,
          or you don't have the model you would like to help with, or
          you are a SANE developer and you just want to take a look at
          how the apple backend looks like, goto to apple.h and
          #define the NEUTRALIZE_BACKEND macro. You can select the
          scanner model through the APPLE_MODEL_SELECT macro. Avail-
          able options are APPLESCANNER, ONESCANNER, and

          If you encounter a SCSI bus error or trimmed and/or dis-
          placed images please set the environment variable
          SANE_DEBUG_SANEI_SCSI to 255 before sending me the report.

          Non Blocking Support
               Make sane-apple a non blocking backend. Properly sup-
               port sane_set_io_mode() and sane_get_select_fd()

          Scan Make scanning possible for all models in all supported

          Add other missing functionality

          sane(7), sane-scsi(5)

          The sane-apple backend was written not entirely from scratch

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          by Milon Firikis. It is mostly based on the sane-mustek(5)
          backend from David Mosberger and Andreas Czechanowski

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