sane-hp(5)                (13 Jul 2008)                sane-hp(5)

          sane-hp - SANE backend for HP ScanJet scanners

          The sane-hp library implements a SANE (Scanner Access Now
          Easy) backend that provides access to HP ScanJet scanners
          which support SCL (Scanner Control Language by HP).  The
          following scanners are known positively to work with this

               Model:         Product id:     Interface:
               ----------     -----------     ----------
               ScanJet Plus   C9195A          HP Parallel Interface Card
               ScanJet IIc    C1750A 3226     SCSI
               ScanJet IIcx   C2500A 3332     SCSI
               ScanJet IIp    C1790A          SCSI
               ScanJet 3C     C2520A 3503     SCSI
               ScanJet 3P     C2570A 3406     SCSI
               ScanJet 4C     C2520A          SCSI
               ScanJet 4P     C1130A 3540     SCSI
               ScanJet 4100C  C6290A          USB
               ScanJet 5P     C5110A          SCSI
               ScanJet 5100C  C5190A          parallel port
               ScanJet 5200C  C7190A 3846     parallel port/USB
               ScanJet 6100C  C2520A 3644     SCSI
               ScanJet 6200C  C6270A 3828     SCSI/USB
               ScanJet 6250C  C6270A 3828     SCSI/USB
               ScanJet 6300C  C7670A          SCSI/USB
               ScanJet 6350C  C7670A          SCSI/USB
               ScanJet 6390C  C7670A          SCSI/USB
               PhotoSmart     C5100A R029,R030,R032    SCSI

          Support for models 5100C/5200C connected to the parallel
          port requires the ppSCSI driver available at

          Support for models 5200C/62X0C/63X0C connected to the USB
          require the kernel scanner driver or libusb. See sane-usb(5)
          for more details.

          The sane-hp backend no longer supports OfficeJet multi-
          function peripherals.  For these devices use the external
          "hpoj" backend in version 0.90 and later of the "HP Office-
          Jet Linux driver", available at

          Because Hewlett-Packard does no longer produce scanners that
          support SCL (beside the OfficeJets), the above list of

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          supported scanners is complete.  Other HP scanners are not
          supported by the sane-hp backend, but might be supported by
          another one. See You can also
          watch the sane-devel mailing list at

          More details about the hp backend can be found on its home-

          This backend expects device names of the form:


          Where special is the UNIX path-name for the special device
          that corresponds to the scanner.  For SCSI scanners the spe-
          cial device name must be a generic SCSI device or a symlink
          to such a device.  Under Linux, such a device name could be
          /dev/sga or /dev/sg2, for example. If the special device
          name contains "usb", "uscanner" or "ugen", it is assumed
          that the scanner is connected by USB.  For the HP ScanJet
          Plus the special device name must be the device that corre-
          sponds to the parallel interface card that was shipped with
          the scanner. That is /dev/hpscan. A special driver is
          required for this card.  See
 for details. If
          the link does not work, try


          The contents of the hp.conf file is a list of options and
          device names that correspond to HP ScanJet scanners.  Empty
          lines and lines starting with a hash mark (#) are ignored.
          See sane-scsi(5) and sane-usb(5) on details of what consti-
          tutes a valid device name.

          Options specified in front of the first line that contains a
          device name are defaults for all devices. Options specified
          below a line that contains a device name apply just to the
          most recently mentioned device.

          Supported options are connect-scsi, connect-device,
          enable-image-buffering, and dumb-read.

          Option connect-scsi specifies that the scanner is connected
          to the system by SCSI.  Input/output is performed using
          SCSI-commands. This is the default.  But if your SCSI device
          name contains "usb", "uscanner" or "ugen", option
          connect-scsi must be specified. Otherwise it is assumed that
          the scanner is connected by USB.

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          Option connect-device specifies that the scanner is con-
          nected to the system by a special device. Input/output is
          performed by read()/write()-operations on the device. This
          option must be used for HP ScanJet Plus or scanners con-
          nected to USB which are accessed through a named device
          (e.g.  /dev/usb/scanner0). For device names that contain
          "usb", "uscanner" or "ugen", it is not necessary to specify
          option connect-device.

          Option enable-image-buffering stores the scanned image in
          memory before passing it to the frontend. Could be used in
          case of forward/backward moving scanner lamp.

          Option dumb-read can be used to work around problems with
          "Error during device I/O". These problems may occur with
          certain SCSI-to-USB converters or Buslogic SCSI cards.  The
          option should not be used for SCSI devices which are working
          correctly.  Otherwise startup of frontends and changing
          parameters might be slower.

          A sample configuration file is shown below:

               # this is a comment
               option connect-device

          /dev/scanner is typically a symlink to the actual SCSI scan-
          ner device.

               The backend configuration file (see also description of
               SANE_CONFIG_DIR below).

               The static library implementing this backend.

               The shared library implementing this backend (present
               on systems that support dynamic loading).

               Calibration data for HP PhotoSmart PhotoScanner that is
               retrieved from the scanner after calibration. The data
               is uploaded to the scanner at start of the backend if
               it is in media mode 'print media' or if the media mode
               is changed to 'print media'.

               This environment variable specifies the list of

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               directories that may contain the configuration file.
               Under UNIX, the directories are separated by a colon
               (`:'), under OS/2, they are separated by a semi-colon
               (`;').  If this variable is not set, the configuration
               file is searched in two default directories: first, the
               current working directory (.)  and then in /etc/sane.d.
               If the value of the environment variable ends with the
               directory separator character, then the default direc-
               tories are searched after the explicitly specified
               directories.  For example, setting SANE_CONFIG_DIR to
               "/tmp/config:" would result in directories tmp/config,
               ., and /etc/sane.d being searched (in this order).

               If the library was compiled with debug support enabled,
               this environment variable controls the debug level for
               this backend.  E.g., a value of 128 requests all debug
               output to be printed.  Smaller levels reduce verbosity.

               Only used for OS/2 and along with use of HP PhotoSmart
               PhotoScanner.  Must be set to the directory where the
               directory .sane is located.  Is used to save and read
               the calibration file.



               For each type of connection (connect-scsi, connect-usb,
               connect-device) it can be specified if the connection
               to the device should be kept open ("1") or not ("0").
               Usually the connections are closed after an operation
               is performed.  Keeping connection open to SCSI-devices
               can result in errors during device IO when the scanner
               has not been used for some time. By default, USB-
               connections are kept open. Other connections are

               Specifies number of retries for read operation before
               returning an EOF error.  Only supported for non-SCSI
               devices. Default: 1 retry. Time between retries is 0.1

          HP PhotoSmart PhotoScanner
               In media mode 'slide' and 'negative', scan resolutions
               are rounded to multiple of 300 dpi. The scanner does
               not scale the data correctly on other resolutions. Some

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               newer models (firmware code R030 and later) do not sup-
               port adjustment of contrast/intensity level and tone
               map.  The backend will simulate this by software, but
               only for gray and 24 bit color.

          Automatic Document Feeder (ADF)
               For use of the ADF with xscanimage(1), first place
               paper in the ADF and then change option scan source to
               'ADF'. Press 'change document' to load a sheet. Then
               press 'scan' to start a scan.  Maybe it is sufficient
               to press 'scan' without 'change document' for repeated
               scans. The use of the preview window is not recommended
               when working with the ADF.  Setting a window to scan
               from ADF is not supported with xscanimage(1).  Try

          Immediate actions
               Some actions in xscanimage(1) (i.e. unload, select
               media, calibrate) have an immediate effect on the scan-
               ner without starting a scan.  These options can not be
               used with scanimage(1).

          HP PhotoSmart PhotoScanner
               PhotoScanners with firmware release R030 and up have no
               firmware support for contrast/brightness/gamma table.
               In the current backend this is simulated by software on
               24 bits data.  Simulation on 30 bits should give better

          Data widths greater than 8 bits
               Custom gamma table does not work.

          Parallel scanner support
               Beside the ScanJet Plus which came with its own paral-
               lel interface card, currently only the HP ScanJet
               5100C/5200C are supported.  These scanners are using an
               internal parallel-to-SCSI converter which is supported
               by the ppSCSI-driver (see above).

          sane(7), sane-scsi(5), sane-usb(5) scanimage(1),
          xscanimage(1), scanimage(1)

          The sane-hp backend was written by Geoffrey T. Dairiki.
          HP PhotoSmart PhotoScanner support by Peter Kirchgessner.

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