sane-mustek_pp(5)         (13 Jul 2008)         sane-mustek_pp(5)

          sane-mustek_pp - SANE backend for Mustek parallel port
          flatbed scanners

          The sane-mustek_pp library implements a SANE (Scanner Access
          Now Easy) backend that provides access to Mustek parallel
          port flatbed scanners and OEM versions.

          There are 2 classes of Mustek parallel port scanners: regu-
          lar CCD (cold cathode device) scanners and CIS (contact
          image sensor) scanners.

          The current version of this backend supports both CCD type
          scanners and CIS type scanners.

          The following scanners might work with this backend:

        CCD scanners
          Model:                  ASIC ID:        CCD Type:       works:
          SE 6000 P               1013            00              yes
          SM 4800 P               1013/1015       04/01           yes
          SE 1200 ED Plus         1015            01              no
          SM 1200 ED Plus         1015            01              no
          SE 12000 P              1505            05              no
          600 III EP Plus         1013/1015       00/01           yes
          SE 600 SEP              1013            ??              yes
          600 II EP               ????            ??              no
          MD9848                  1015            00              yes
          Gallery 4800            ????            ??              yes
          Viviscan Compact II     1013            00              yes

        CIS scanners
          Model:                  ASIC ID:        works:
          Mustek 600 CP & 96 CP   1015            yes (*)
          Mustek 1200 CP          1015            yes
          Mustek 1200 CP+         1015            yes

          OEM versions            Original        works
             MD/LT 9350/9351      1200 CP         yes
             MD/LT 9850/9851      1200 CP         maybe (**)
             MD/LT 9858           1200 CP         probably

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             MD/LT 9890/9891      1200 CP         yes
             Funline TS12EP       1200 CP         yes
             Funline TS6EP        600 CP          yes
             Easy Connect 9600+   600 CP          yes
             9352                 1200 CP         yes (***)

          (*)    Calibration  problems existed with earlier version of
               this driver. They seem to be solved now.

          (**)   Problems have been reported in the past for the
               MD/LT9850 type (striped scans, head moving in wrong
               direction at some resolutions). It is not known whether
               the current version of the driver still has these prob-

          IF YOU HEAR LOUD CLICKING NOISES, (This holds for any type
          of scanner).

          (***)  Possibly, the engine_delay parameter has to be set to
               1 ms for accurate engine movements.

          Please note that this backend is still under construction.
          Certain models are currently not supported and some may
          never be because the communication protocol is still unknown
          (eg., SE 12000 P).

          Some scanners work faster when EPP/ECP is enabled in the
          BIOS. EPP mode however may lead to hard-locks on some Linux
          systems. If that is the case for you, you can either disable
          ECP/EPP in your BIOS or disable it in the backend itself
          (see GLOBAL OPTIONS).

          Note that the backend needs to run as root or has to have
          appropriate access rights to /dev/parport* if libieee1284
          support is compiled in. To allow user access to the scanner
          run the backend through the network interface (See saned(8)
          and sane-net(5)).  Note also that the backend does not sup-
          port parport sharing, i.e. if you try printing while scan-
          ning, your computer may crash. To enable parport sharing,
          you have to enable libieee1284 at compile time. This backend
          also conflicts with the sane-musteka4s2(5) backend. You can
          only enable one of them in your dll.conf. However, you have
          to enable the backend explicitly in your dll.conf, just
          remove the hash mark in the line "mustek_pp".

          This backend allows multiple devices being defined and

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          configured via the mustek_pp.conf file (even simultaneously,
          provided that they are connected to different parallel
          ports). Please make sure to edit this file before you use
          the backend.

          A device can be defined as follows:

               scanner <name> <port name> <driver>


          <name> is an arbitrary name for the device, optionally
               enclosed by double quotes, for instance "LifeTec 9350".

          <port name> is the name of the parallel port to which the
               device is connected. In case libieee1284 is used for
               communication with the port (default setup), valid port
               names are parport0, parport1, and parport2.

          In case the backend is configured for raw IO (old setup),
          port addresses have to be used instead of port names: 0x378,
          0x278, or 0x3BC.  The mapping of parallel ports (lp0, lp1,
          and lp2) to these addresses can be different for different
          Linux kernel versions. For instance, if you are using a Ker-
          nel 2.2.x or better and you have only one parallel port,
          this port is named lp0 regardless of the base address. How-
          ever, this backend requires the base address of your port.
          If you are not sure which port your scanner is connected to,
          have a look at your /etc/conf.modules, /etc/modules.conf
          and/or /proc/ioports.

          If you are unsure which port to use, you can use the magic
          value * to probe for your scanner.

          <driver> is the driver to use for this device. Currently
               available drivers are:

               cis600   : for 600 CP, 96 CP & OEM versions
               cis1200  : for 1200 CP & OEM versions
               cis1200+ : for 1200 CP+ & OEM versions
               ccd300   : for 600 IIIE P & OEM version

               Choosing the wrong driver can damage
               Especially, using the 1200CP settings on a 600CP can be
               harmful. If the scanner starts making a loud noise,
               turn it off immediately !!!

          Using the cis600 driver on a 1200CP or a 1200CP+ is probably
          not dangerous. The cis1200+ driver also works for the
          1200CP, and using the cis1200 driver on a 1200CP+ will typi-
          cally result in scans that cover only half of the width of
          the scan area (also not dangerous).

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          If unsure about the exact model of your OEM version, check
          the optical resolution in the manual or on the box: the
          600CP has a maximum optical resolution of 300x600 DPI,
          whereas the 1200CP and 1200CP+ have a maximum optical reso-
          lution of 600x1200 DPI.


               scanner "LifeTec 9350" 0x378 cis1200

               scanner Mustek_600CP 0x378 cis600

               scanner Mustek_600IIIEP * ccd300

          If in doubt which port you have to use, or whether your
          scanner is detected at all, you can use sane-find-scanner -p
          to probe all configured ports.

          The contents of the mustek_pp.conf file is a list of device
          definitions and device options that correspond to Mustek
          scanners.  Empty lines and lines starting with a hash mark
          (#) are ignored. Options have the following format:

               option <name> [<value>]

          Depending on the nature of the option, a value may or may
          not be present.  Options always apply to the scanner defini-
          tion that precedes them. There are no global options.
          Options are also driver-specific: not all drivers support
          all possible options.

        Common options
          bw <value>
               Black/white discrimination value to be used during lin-
               eart scanning. Pixel values below this value are
               assumed to be black, values above are assumed to be
               Default value: 127
               Minimum:         0
               Maximum:       255

               Example:  option bw 150

        CIS driver options
          top_adjust <value>
               Vertical adjustment of the origin, expressed in mil-
               limeter (floating point).  This option can be used to
               calibrate the position of the origin, within certain

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               limits. Note that CIS scanners are probably temperature
               sensitive, and that a certain inaccuracy may be hard to
               avoid. Differences in offset between runs in the order
               of 1 to 2 mm are not unusual.
               Default value: 0.0
               Minimum:      -5.0
               Maximum:       5.0

               Example:  option top_adjust -2.5

               Turns fast skipping to the start of the scan region
               off. When the region to scan does not start at the ori-
               gin, the driver will try to move the scanhead to the
               start of the scan area at the fastest possible speed.
               On some models, this may not work, resulting in large
               inaccuracies (up to centimeters).  By setting this
               option, the driver is forced to use normal speed during
               skipping, which can circumvent the accuracy problems.
               Currently, there are no models for which these inaccu-
               racy problems are known to occur.

               By default, fast skipping is used.

               Example:  option slow_skip

          engine_delay <value>
               Under normal circumstances, it is sufficient for the
               driver to wait for the scanner signaling that the
               engine is stable, before a new engine command can be
               transmitted. In rare cases, certain scanners and/or
               parallel port chipsets appear to prevent reliable
               detection of the engine state. As a result, engine com-
               mands are transmitted too soon and the movement of the
               scanner head becomes unreliable. Inaccuracies ranging
               up to 10 cm over the whole vertical scan range have
               been reported. To work around this problem, the
               engine_delay option can be set. If it is set, the
               driver waits an additional amount of time after every
               engine command, equal to the engine_delay parameter,
               expressed in milliseconds. It practice an engine_delay
               of 1 ms is usually sufficient. The maximum delay is 100

               Note that every additional ms of delay can add up to 14
               seconds to the total scanning time (highest resolu-
               tion), so an as small as possible value is preferred.

               Default value:   0
               Minimum:         0
               Maximum:       100

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               Example:  option engine_delay 1

        CCD driver options
          top <value>
               Number of scanlines to skip to the start of the scan
               area. The number can be any positive integer. Values
               known to me are 47 and 56.

               Default value: 47
               Minimum:       0
               Maximum:       none

               Example:  option top 56

          waitbank <value>
               The number of usecs to wait for a bank change. You
               should not touch this value actually. May be any posi-
               tive integer

               Default value: 700
               Minimum:       0
               Maximum:       none

               Example:  option waitbank 700

          A sample configuration file is shown below:

          # LifeTec/Medion 9350 on port 0x378
          scanner "LifeTec 9350" 0x378 cis1200

          # Some calibration options (examples!).
          option bw 127
          option top_skip -0.8

          # A Mustek 600CP on port 0x3BC
          scanner "Mustek 600CP" 0x3BC cis600

          # Some calibration options (examples!).
          option bw 120
          option top_skip 1.2

          # A Mustek 1200CP+ on port 0x278
          scanner "Mustek 1200CP plus" 0x278 cis1200+

          # Some calibration options (examples!).

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          option bw 130
          option top_skip 0.2

          # A Mustek 600 III EPP on port parport0
          scanner "Mustek 600 III EPP" parport0 ccd300

          # Some calibration options (examples!).
          option bw 130
          option top 56

          You can control the overall behaviour of the sane-mustek_pp
          backend by global options which precede any scanner defini-
          tion in the mustek_pp.conf file.

          Currently, there is only one global option:

        Global options
               Disable parallel port mode EPP: works around a known
               bug in the Linux parport code. Enable this option, if
               the backend hangs when trying to access the parallel
               port in EPP mode.

               Default value: use EPP

               Example:  option no_epp

               The backend configuration file (see also description of
               SANE_CONFIG_DIR below).

               The static library implementing this backend.

               The shared library implementing this backend (present
               on systems that support dynamic loading).

               This environment variable specifies the list of direc-
               tories that may contain the configuration file.  Under
               UNIX, the directories are separated by a colon (`:'),

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               under OS/2, they are separated by a semi-colon (`;').
               If this variable is not set, the configuration file is
               searched in two default directories: first, the current
               working directory (".") and then in /etc/sane.d. If the
               value of the environment variable ends with the direc-
               tory separator character, then the default directories
               are searched after the explicitly specified directo-
               ries.  For example, setting SANE_CONFIG_DIR to
               "/tmp/config:" would result in directories tmp/config,
               ., and /etc/sane.d being searched (in this order).

               If the library was compiled with debug support enabled,
               this environment variable controls the debug level for
               this backend.  E.g., a value of 128 requests all debug
               output to be printed.  Smaller levels reduce verbosity.

               level   debug output
                0      nothing
                1      errors
                2      warnings & minor errors
                3      additional information
                4      debug information
                5      code flow (not supported yet)
                6      special debug information

               This variable sets the debug level for the SANE inter-
               face for the Mustek chipset A4S2. Note that enabling
               this will spam your terminal with some million lines of
               debug output.

               level   debug output
                0      nothing
                1      errors
                2      warnings
                3      things nice to know
                4      code flow
                5      detailed code flow
                6      everything

          sane(7), sane-mustek(5), sane-net(5), saned(8),
          sane-find-scanner(1), scanimage(1)

          For latest bug fixes and information see

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          For additional information on the CIS driver, see

          Jochen Eisinger
          <jochen at penguin-breeder dot org>
          Eddy De Greef
          <eddy_de_greef at scarlet dot be>

          Too many... please send bug reports to sane-devel@alioth-
 (note that you have to subscribe first to
          the list before you can send emails... see

          If something doesn't work, please contact us (Jochen for the
          CCD scanners, Eddy for the CIS scanners). But we need some
          information about your scanner to be able to help you...

          SANE version
               Run scanimage -V to determine this.

          the backend version and your scanner
               Run SANE_DEBUG_MUSTEK_PP=128 scanimage -L as root. If
               you don't get any output from the sane-mustek_pp back-
               end, make sure a line "mustek_pp" is included into your
               /etc/sane.d/dll.conf. If your scanner isn't detected,
               make sure you've defined the right port address in your

          the name of your scanner/vendor also
               optical resolution and lamp type of your scanner, both
               can be found in the manual of your scanner.

          any further comments
               if you have comments about the documentation (what
               could be done better), or you think I should know some-
               thing, please include it.

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