sane-umax_pp(5)           (14 Jul 2008)           sane-umax_pp(5)

          sane-umax_pp - SANE backend for Umax Astra parallel port
          flatbed scanners

          The sane-umax_pp library implements a SANE (Scanner Access
          Now Easy) backend that provides access to Umax parallel port
          flatbed scanners.  The following scanners work with this

               Astra 610P
               Astra 1220P
               Astra 1600P
               Astra 2000P
               Genius ColorPage-Life Pro

          This backend handles 75x75, 150x150, 300x300, 600x600 and
          600x1200 for 1220P/1600P/2000P dpi scan resolutions, and
          75x75, 150x150, 300x300 and 300x600 for 610P. In color and
          gray levels, there is a software lineart mode.

          The new generation models share a newer version of the 610P
          ASIC embedded in an EPAT chip.  Only parts such as CCD and
          ADC change from one to another. They even all reports being
          UMAX Astra 1220P via IEEE1284.  There isn't a software
          method to recognize them properly. Under windows, model is
          set by the driver installed, regardless of the hardware.

               The current version of the backend uses only EPP or ECP
               mode to communicate with the scanner. PS/2 mode isn't
               implemented. The 610P only use SPP. It is recommended
               that you set your parallel port to EPP in BIOS with the
               current version of this backend. You can leave it to
               ECP or ECP+EPP, but in this case you may not use ppdev
               but only direct hardware access if you have to use ECP.
               ECPEPP will only work if you use a 2.4 or 2.6 kernel
               with ppdev character device support.

          This backend does support parport sharing only if you have a
          kernel with ppdev support.

          Note that if you don't use the ppdev character device, the
          backend needs to run as root. To allow user access to the
          scanner run the backend through the network interface (See
          saned(8) and sane-net(5)).  A more relaxed solution (secu-
          rity wise) is to add suid bit to the frontend (See

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          chmod(1)).  The backend drop root privileges as soon as it
          can, right after gaining direct access to IO ports, which
          lessen risks when being root.

          This backend expects device names of the form:

               port value

          Where value is :

               auto autodetect all parallel ports and probe them for

                    autodetect all parallel ports and probe them for
                    scanner, but does not try direct hardware access

                    uses *BSD ppi device, depending on the number of
                    available parallel port, you have to use
                    /dev/ppi1, /dev/ppi2, ...

                    uses Linux ppdev device, depending on the number
                    of available parallel port, you have to use
                    /dev/parport1, /dev/parport2, ...

                    does direct hardware access on the given address.
                    Usual values are 0x378, 0x278, 0x3BC In this case,
                    you have to run the scanner as root (*BSD and
                    Linux), or with 'IOPL=yes' on OS/2

          NOTE: in all cases, you must have sufficient privileges to
          get access to the chosen device or address. Depending on the
          security settings, devices may not be available for all
          users.  You have to change permissions on the /dev/ppi* or
          /dev/parport* devices.

          You can rename any device using the

               name devname
               model model
               vendor vendor

          options. These options apply to the last port option.


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          Please make sure to edit umax_pp.conf before you use the

          The contents of the umax_pp.conf file is a list of options
          and device names that correspond to Umax scanners.  Empty
          lines and lines starting with a hash mark (#) are ignored.

          The eight options supported are red-gain, green-gain,
          blue-gain, red-offset, green-offset, blue-offset, astra, and

          Options red-gain, green-gain and blue-gain allow you to
          adjust the sensitivity of your scanner for the given color.
          Values range from 0 (lowest gain) to 15 (highest). If the
          advanced option "Gain" isn't checked in the frontend, the
          backend does automatic gain calibration, and do not use user
          provided values.

          Options red-offset , green-offset and blue-offset allow you
          to adjust the offset of your scanner for the given color.
          Values range from 0 (lowest offset) to 15 (highest).

          Option astra allows you to change the model of your scanner.
          Current auto detection is based on side effects on scanning
          when using 1220P command set on other models, so it may fail
          on unknown hardware combination. Valid values are 610, 1220,
          1600 and 2000. It is useful only when autodetection fails to
          detect properly your scanner model. If your scanner work
          properly but is reported wrongly, let it be that way.  The
          only valid case to change the model is when your scanner
          produces "black" or "inverted" scans. In this case you can
          put the model. Be aware that it will prevent scanner model

          Option buffer allows you to change the size of the scan
          buffer. The size must be specified in bytes. The default
          value is 2 megabytes. Decreasing this value will improve the
          smoothness of progress bar in the frontend, but will stall
          the scan more often.

               The backend configuration file (see also description of
               SANE_CONFIG_DIR below).

               The static library implementing this backend.

               The shared library implementing this backend (present

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               on systems that support dynamic loading).

               This environment variable specifies the list of direc-
               tories that may contain the configuration file.  Under
               UNIX, the directories are separated by a colon (`:'),
               under OS/2, they are separated by a semi-colon (`;').
               If this variable is not set, the configuration file is
               searched in two default directories: first, the current
               working directory (".") and then in /etc/sane.d. If the
               value of the environment variable ends with the direc-
               tory separator character, then the default directories
               are searched after the explicitly specified directo-
               ries.  For example, setting SANE_CONFIG_DIR to
               "/tmp/config:" would result in directories tmp/config,
               ., and /etc/sane.d being searched (in this order).

               If the library was compiled with debug support enabled,
               this environment variable controls the debug level for
               this backend.  E.g., a value of 128 requests all debug
               output to be printed.  Smaller levels reduce verbosity.

               level   debug output
               ------- ------------------------------
                0       nothing
                1       errors
                2       warnings & minor errors
                3       additional information
                4       debug information
                5       code flow (not supported yet)
                6       special debug information

               This variable sets the debug level for the SANE inter-
               face for the Umax ASIC. Note that enabling this will
               spam your terminal with some million lines of debug

               level   debug output
               ------- -------------------------------
                0       nothing
                1       errors
                8       command blocks
                16      detailed code flow
                32      dump datafiles
                255     everything

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          sane(7), sane-net(5), saned(8)

          For latest bug fixes and information see

          St['e]phane Voltz <>

          Support for the 610P has been made possible thank to an
          hardware donation by William Stuart.

          If something doesn't work, please contact me. But I need
          some information about your scanner to be able to help

          SANE version
               Run scanimage -V to determine this

          the backend version and your scanner
               Run SANE_DEBUG_UMAX_PP=255 scanimage -L 2>log as root.
               If you don't get any output from the sane-umax_pp back-
               end, make sure a line "umax_pp" is included into your
               /etc/sane.d/dll.conf file.  If your scanner isn't
               detected, make sure you've defined the right port
               address, or the correct device in your umax_pp.conf

          the name of your scanner/vendor
               also a worthy information. Please also include the
               optical resolution and lamp type of your scanner, both
               can be found in the manual of your scanner.

          any further comments
               if you have comments about the documentation (what
               could be done better), or you think I should know some-
               thing, please include it.

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