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          integritysetup - manage dm-integrity (block level integrity)

          integritysetup <options> <action> <action args>

          Integritysetup is used to configure dm-integrity managed
          device-mapper mappings.

          Device-mapper integrity target provides read-write transpar-
          ent integrity checking of block devices. The dm-integrity
          target emulates additional data integrity field per-sector.
          You can use this additional field directly with integrity-
          setup utility, or indirectly (for authenticated encryption)
          through cryptsetup.

          Integritysetup supports these operations:

          format <device>

               Formats <device> (calculates space and dm-integrity
               superblock and wipes the device).

               <options> can be [--data-device, --batch-mode,
               --no-wipe, --journal-size, --interleave-sectors,
               --tag-size, --integrity, --integrity-key-size,
               --integrity-key-file, --sector-size, --progress-

          open <device> <name>
          create <name> <device> (OBSOLETE syntax)

               Open a mapping with <name> backed by device <device>.

               <options> can be [--data-device, --batch-mode,
               --journal-watermark, --journal-commit-time,
               --buffer-sectors, --integrity, --integrity-key-size,
               --integrity-key-file, --integrity-no-journal,
               --integrity-recalculate, --integrity-recalculate-
               reset,--integrity-recovery-mode, --allow-discards]

          close <name>

               Removes existing mapping <name>.

               For backward compatibility, there is remove command

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               alias for the close command.

               <options> can be [--deferred] or [--cancel-deferred]

          status <name>

               Reports status for the active integrity mapping <name>.

          dump <device>

               Reports parameters from on-disk stored superblock.

          --verbose, -v
               Print more information on command execution.

               Run in debug mode with full diagnostic logs. Debug out-
               put lines are always prefixed by '#'.

               Show the program version.

               Do not ask for confirmation.

          --progress-frequency <seconds>
               Print separate line every <seconds> with wipe progress.

               Do not wipe the device after format. A device that is
               not initially wiped will contain invalid checksums.

          --journal-size, -j BYTES
               Size of the journal.

          --interleave-sectors SECTORS
               The number of interleaved sectors.

               Automatically recalculate integrity tags in kernel on
               activation.  The device can be used during automatic
               integrity recalculation but becomes fully integrity
               protected only after the background operation is fin-
               ished.  This option is available since the Linux kernel
               version 4.19.

               Restart recalculation from the beginning of the device.
               It can be used to change the integrity checksum

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               function.  Note it does not change the tag length.
               This option is available since the Linux kernel version

          --journal-watermark PERCENT
               Journal watermark in percents. When the size of the
               journal exceeds this watermark, the journal flush will
               be started.

          --journal-commit-time MS
               Commit time in milliseconds. When this time passes (and
               no explicit flush operation was issued), the journal is

          --tag-size, -t BYTES
               Size of the integrity tag per-sector (here the
               integrity function will store authentication tag).

               NOTE: The size can be smaller that output size of the
               hash function, in that case only part of the hash will
               be stored.

               Specify a separate data device that contains existing
               data. The <device> then will contain calculated
               integrity tags and journal for this data device.

          --sector-size, -s BYTES
               Sector size (power of two: 512, 1024, 2048, 4096).

          --buffer-sectors SECTORS
               The number of sectors in one buffer.

               The tag area is accessed using buffers, the large
               buffer size means that the I/O size will be larger, but
               there could be less I/Os issued.

          --integrity, -I ALGORITHM
               Use internal integrity calculation (standalone mode).
               The integrity algorithm can be CRC (crc32c/crc32) or
               hash function (sha1, sha256).

               For HMAC (hmac-sha256) you have also to specify an
               integrity key and its size.

          --integrity-key-size BYTES
               The size of the data integrity key. Maximum is 4096

          --integrity-key-file FILE
               The file with the integrity key.

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          --integrity-no-journal, -D
               Disable journal for integrity device.

          --integrity-bitmap-mode. -B
               Use alternate bitmap mode (available since Linux kernel
               5.2)  where dm-integrity uses bitmap instead of a jour-
               nal. If a bit in the bitmap is 1, the corresponding
               region's data and integrity tags are not synchronized -
               if the machine crashes, the unsynchronized regions will
               be recalculated.  The bitmap mode is faster than the
               journal mode, because we don't have to write the data
               twice, but it is also less reliable, because if data
               corruption happens when the machine crashes, it may not
               be detected.

          --bitmap-sectors-per-bit SECTORS
               Number of 512-byte sectors per bitmap bit, the value
               must be power of two.

          --bitmap-flush-time MS
               Bitmap flush time in milliseconds.

               In case of a crash, it is possible that the data and
               integrity tag doesn't match if the journal is disabled.

          --integrity-recovery-mode. -R
               Recovery mode (no journal, no tag checking).

     NOTE: The following options are intended for testing purposes
               Using journal encryption does not make sense without
               encryption the data, these options are internally used
               in authenticated disk encryption with cryptsetup(8).

          --journal-integrity ALGORITHM
               Integrity algorithm for journal area.  See --integrity
               option for detailed specification.

          --journal-integrity-key-size BYTES
               The size of the journal integrity key. Maximum is 4096

          --journal-integrity-key-file FILE
               The file with the integrity key.

          --journal-crypt ALGORITHM
               Encryption algorithm for journal data area.  You can
               use a block cipher here such as cbc-aes or a stream
               cipher, for example, chacha20 or ctr-aes.

          --journal-crypt-key-size BYTES

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               The size of the journal encryption key. Maximum is 4096

          --journal-crypt-key-file FILE
               The file with the journal encryption key.

               Allow the use of discard (TRIM) requests for the
               device.  This option is available since the Linux ker-
               nel version 5.7.

               Defers device removal in close command until the last
               user closes it.

               Removes a previously configured deferred device removal
               in close command.

          The dm-
               integrity target is available since Linux kernel version

               Format and activation of an integrity device always
               require superuser privilege because the superblock is
               calculated and handled in dm-integrity kernel target.

               Do not use these options until you need compatibility
               with specific old kernel.

               Use inefficient legacy padding.

               Use old flawed HMAC calclation (also does not protect

               Allow insecure recalculating of volumes with HMAC keys
               (recalcualtion offset in superblock is not protected).

          Integritysetup returns 0 on success and a non-zero value on

          Error codes are:
              1 wrong parameters

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              2 no permission
              3 out of memory
              4 wrong device specified
              5 device already exists, or device is busy.

          Format the device with default standalone mode (CRC32C):

          integritysetup format <device>

          Open the device with default parameters:

          integritysetup open <device> test

          Format the device in standalone mode for use with

          integritysetup format <device> --tag-size 32 --integrity
          hmac-sha256 --integrity-key-file <keyfile>
          --integrity-key-size <key_bytes>

          Open (activate) the device with HMAC(SHA256) and HMAC key in

          integritysetup open <device> test --integrity hmac-sha256
          --integrity-key-file <keyfile> --integrity-key-size

          Dump dm-integrity superblock information:

          integritysetup dump <device>

          Report bugs, including ones in the documentation, on the
          cryptsetup mailing list at <> or in the
          'Issues' section on LUKS website.  Please attach the output
          of the failed command with the --debug option added.

          The integritysetup tool is written by Milan Broz
          <> and is part of the cryptsetup project.

          Copyright c 2016-2021 Red Hat, Inc.
          Copyright c 2016-2021 Milan Broz

          This is free software; see the source for copying condi-
          tions.  There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY

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          The project website at

          The integrity on-disk format specification available at

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