UPDATE-MIME(8)           (12th Feb 2012)           UPDATE-MIME(8)

          update-mime - create or update MIME information

          update-mime [no parameters]

          update-mime updates the /etc/mailcap file to reflect mime
          information changed by a Debian package during installation
          or removal.

          --local Generate files in the current user's home directory
          instead of the /etc directory.  This allows users to create
          a custom ordering configuration and get a complete
          ~/.mailcap file out of it.  In this local mode, the order
          overriding file (see below) will be looked for in the
          ~/.mailcap.order file.

          The order of entries in the /etc/mailcap file can be altered
          by editing the /etc/mailcap.order file.  Please see the
          mailcap.order(5) man page for more information.

          To create entries in the mailcap file, packages need to cre-
          ate a file in the /usr/lib/mime/packages directory.  In this
          file goes the verbatim desired mailcap entries.  In addition
          to the standard mailcap options (described below) is a new
          priority option.  Specifying this will provide for simple
          ranking of programs within a given mime type.  An animation
          viewer, for example, may be able to display a static pic-
          ture, but probably wouldn't be the best choice and so would
          give an option like "priority=2".  Priorities range from 0
          to 9, with 0 being the lowest and 9 being the highest.  If
          the priority option is omitted, a value of 5 is used.

          The following are standard options that can be specified in
          the mailcap entry.  Options are separated by semicolons (;)
          but must all be on the same line.  Each line should look

            mime/type; viewer; option; another=val; etc; priority=5

          Mime types of the form "class/*" and even "*/*" are now
          acceptable (they were previously disallowed).  When using
          "class/*", it is probably a good idea to add a

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          "priority=[1-4]" option so specific rules using the default
          priority will get chosen first.  If using "*/*", though, you
          probably want to add a "priority=0" option to make that rule
          a "last resort".

               Specifies the program to run to view a file of the
               given content-type.  This option setting cannot be
               omitted.  An implicit "view=" can be considered before
               it.  When writing an entry that has no viewer, use a
               value of false in this space.

               The "compose" command may be used to specify a program
               that can be used to compose a new body or body part in
               the given format.  Its intended use is to support mail
               composing agents that support the composition of multi-
               ple types of mail using external composing agents.  The
               result of the composing program may be data that is not
               yet suitable for mail transport -- that is, a Content-
               Transfer-Encoding may need to be applied to the data.

               The "composetyped" command is similar to "compose", but
               is to be used when the composing program needs to spec-
               ify the Content-type header field to be applied to the
               composed data.  The "compose" option is simpler, and is
               preferred for use with existing (non-mail-oriented)
               programs for composing data in a given format.  The
               "composetyped" option is necessary when the Content-
               type information must include auxiliary parameters, and
               the composition program must then know enough about
               mail formats to produce output that includes the mail
               type information.

               The "edit" command may be used to specify a program
               that can be used to edit a body or body part in the
               given format.  In many cases, it may be identical in
               content to the "compose" command.

               The "print" command may be used to specify a program
               that can be used to print a message or body part in the
               given format.

          These options are modifiers to all the commands specified on
          the command line.


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               The "test" option may be used to test some external
               condition (e.g., the machine architecture, or the win-
               dow system in use) to determine whether or not the
               mailcap line applies.  It specifies a program to be run
               to test some condition.  If the test fails, a subse-
               quent mailcap entry will be sought.  Multiple test
               options are not permitted -- since a test can call a
               program, it can already be arbitrarily complex.

               Note: When testing for X by looking at the DISPLAY
               environment variable, please use one of:

                       test=test -z "$DISPLAY"     (no X)
                 or    test=test -n "$DISPLAY"     (have X)

               Many programs recognize these strings and optimize for

               The "needsterminal" option, if given, indicates that
               the commands must be run on an interactive terminal.
               This is needed to inform window-oriented user agents
               that an interactive terminal is needed.  (The decision
               is not left exclusively to the command because in some
               circumstances it may not be possible for such programs
               to tell whether or not they are on interactive termi-
               nals.)  The needsterminal command applies to the view,
               compose and edit commands, if they exist.  Note that
               this is NOT a test -- it is a requirement for the envi-
               ronment in which the program will be executed, and will
               typically cause the creation of a terminal window when
               not executed on either a real terminal or a terminal

               The "copiousoutput" option, if given, indicates that
               the output from the view-command will be an extended
               stream of output and is to be interpreted as advice to
               the UA (User Agent mail-reading program) that the out-
               put should be either paged or made scrollable.  Note
               that it is probably a mistake if needsterminal and
               copiousoutput are both specified.

        Content-Type Info
          These options provide additional information about the given

               The "description" option simply provides a textual
               description that describes the type of data, to be used
               optionally by mail readers that wish to describe the
               data before offering to display it.

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               The "textualnewlines" option, if given, indicates that
               this type of data is line-oriented and that, if encoded
               in a binary format, all newlines should be converted to
               canonical form (CRLF) before encoding, and will be in
               that form after decoding.  In general, this is needed
               only if there is line-oriented data of some type other
               than text/* or non-line-oriented data that is a subtype
               of text.

               The "x11-bitmap" option names a file, in X11 bitmap
               (xbm) format, which points to an appropriate icon to be
               used to visually denote the presence of this kind of

               The "nametemplate" option gives a file name format, in
               which %s will be replaced by a short unique string to
               give the name of the temporary file to be passed to the
               viewing command.  This is only expected to be relevant
               in environments where filename extensions are meaning-
               ful, e.g., one could specify that a GIF file being
               passed to a gif viewer should have a name ending in
               ".gif" by using "nametemplate=%s.gif".

          Packages that wish to provide MIME access to themselves
          should not depend on, recommend, or suggest mime-support, as
          the the file they create in /usr/lib/mime/packages will
          cause update-mime to be automatically run via a Dpkg trig-

          In addition to the abovementioned mechanism update-mime also
          parses desktop entries in /usr/share/applications/ to gener-
          ate mailcap entries. These entries are given a lower prior-
          ity than those in /usr/lib/mime/packages.

          mailcap.order(5), deb-triggers(1), RFC-2046, RFC-1524

          update-mime was written by Brian White <bcwhite@pobox.com>

          update-mime is in the public domain (the only true "free").

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