VIPW(8)                   (02/07/2020)                    VIPW(8)

     NAME
          vipw, vigr - edit the password, group, shadow-password or
          shadow-group file

     SYNOPSIS
          vipw [options]

          vigr [options]

     DESCRIPTION
          The vipw and vigr commands edits the files /etc/passwd and
          /etc/group, respectively. With the -s flag, they will edit
          the shadow versions of those files, /etc/shadow and
          /etc/gshadow, respectively. The programs will set the
          appropriate locks to prevent file corruption. When looking
          for an editor, the programs will first try the environment
          variable $VISUAL, then the environment variable $EDITOR, and
          finally the default editor, vi(1).

     OPTIONS
          The options which apply to the vipw and vigr commands are:

          -g, --group
              Edit group database.

          -h, --help
              Display help message and exit.

          -p, --passwd
              Edit passwd database.

          -q, --quiet
              Quiet mode.

          -R, --root CHROOT_DIR
              Apply changes in the CHROOT_DIR directory and use the
              configuration files from the CHROOT_DIR directory.

          -s, --shadow
              Edit shadow or gshadow database.

     ENVIRONMENT
          VISUAL
              Editor to be used.

          EDITOR
              Editor to be used if VISUAL is not set.

     FILES
          /etc/group

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     VIPW(8)                   (02/07/2020)                    VIPW(8)

              Group account information.

          /etc/gshadow
              Secure group account information.

          /etc/passwd
              User account information.

          /etc/shadow
              Secure user account information.

     SEE ALSO
          vi(1), group(5), gshadow(5) , passwd(5), , shadow(5).

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